phylosig {phytools} | R Documentation |
This function computes phylogenetic signal using two different methods. It can also conduct the hypothesis tests for significant phylogenetic signal, and estimate phylogenetic signal incorporating sampling error following Ives et al. (2007).
phylosig(tree, x, method="K", test=FALSE, nsim=1000, se=NULL, start=NULL, control=list())
tree |
a phylogenetic tree in |
x |
vector containing values for a single continuously distributed trait. |
method |
method to compute signal: can be |
test |
logical indicating whether or not to conduct a hypothesis test of |
nsim |
for |
se |
named vector containing the standard errors for each species. |
start |
vector of starting values for optimization of (respectively) sigma^2 and lambda. Only used in |
control |
list of control parameters for multidimensional optimization, implemented in |
λ optimization is performed using optimize
with the range of lambda set between 0 and the theoretical upper limit of lambda (determined by the relative height of the most recent internal node on the tree).
If (method="K")
, a list with the following components:
K |
value of the K-statistic. |
sig2 |
rate of evolution, σ^2, for estimation with sampling error. |
logL |
log-likelihood, for estimation with sampling error. |
P |
optionally, the P-value from the randomization test. |
If (method="lambda")
, a list with the following components:
lambda |
fitted value of lambda. |
sig2 |
rate of evolution, for estimation with sampling error. |
logL |
log-likelihood. |
logL0 |
log-likelihood for |
P |
P-value of the likelihood ratio test. |
convergence |
value for convergence, for estimation with sampling error only. (See |
message |
message from |
Liam Revell liam.revell@umb.edu
Blomberg, S. P., T. Garland Jr., A. R. Ives (2003) Testing for phylogenetic signal in comparative data: Behavioral traits are more labile. Evolution, 57, 717-745.
Ives, A. R., P. E. Midford, T. Garland Jr. (2007) Within-species variation and measurement error in phylogenetic comparative biology. Systematic Biology, 56, 252-270.
Pagel, M. (1999) Inferring the historical patterns of biological evolution. Nature, 401, 877-884.
Revell, L. J. (2012) phytools: An R package for phylogenetic comparative biology (and other things). Methods Ecol. Evol., 3, 217-223.
tree<-pbtree(n=100) x<-fastBM(tree) phylosig(tree,x,method="lambda",test=TRUE)