brownie.lite {phytools} | R Documentation |
This function takes a modified "phylo"
object with a mapped binary or multistate trait (see read.simmap
) and data for a single continuously valued character. It then fits the Brownian rate variation ("noncensored") model of O'Meara et al. (2006; Evolution). This is also the basic model implemented in Brian O'Meara's "Brownie" program.
brownie.lite(tree, x, maxit=2000, test="chisq", nsim=100, se=NULL, ...)
tree |
a phylogenetic tree in modified |
x |
a vector of tip values for species; |
maxit |
an optional integer value indicating the maximum number of iterations for optimization - may need to be increased for large trees. |
test |
an optional string indicating the method for hypothesis testing - options are |
nsim |
number of simulations (only used if |
se |
a vector containing the standard errors for each estimated mean in |
... |
optional arguments. |
Sampling error in the estimation of species means can also be accounted for by assigning the vector se
with the species specific sampling errors for x
.
A list with the following components:
sig2.single |
is the rate for a single rate model - this is usually the "null" model. |
a.single |
is the estimated state at the root node for the single rate model. |
var.single |
variance on the single rate estimator - obtained from the Hessian. |
logL1 |
log-likelihood of the single-rate model. |
k1 |
number of parameters in the single rate model (always 2). |
sig2.multiple |
is a length p (for p rates) vector of BM rates from the multi-rate model. |
a.multiple |
is the estimated state at the root node for the multi-rate model. |
var.multiple |
p x p variance-covariance matrix for the p rates - the square-roots of the diagonals should give the standard error for each rate. |
logL.multiple |
log-likelihood of the multi-rate model. |
k2 |
number of parameters in the multi-rate model (p+1). |
P.chisq |
P-value for a likelihood ratio test against the χ^2 distribution; or |
P.sim |
P-value for a likelihood ratio test agains a simulated null distribution. |
convergence |
logical value indicating if the likelihood optimization converged. |
Liam Revell liam.revell@umb.edu
O'Meara, B. C., C. Ane, M. J. Sanderson, and P. C. Wainwright. (2006) Testing for different rates of continuous trait evolution using likelihood. Evolution, 60, 922–933.
Revell, L. J. (2012) phytools: An R package for phylogenetic comparative biology (and other things). Methods Ecol. Evol., 3, 217-223.